Routledge English Language Introductions cover core areas of language study and are one-stop resources for students. Assuming no prior knowledge, books in the series offer an accessible overview of the subject, with activities, study questions, sample analyses, commentaries and key readings - all in the same volume. The innovative and flexible 'two-dimensional' structure is built around four sections - introduction, development, exploration and extension - which offer self-contained stages for study. Each topic can also be read across these sections, enabling the reader to build gradually on the knowledge gained. English Grammar: presents the basic concepts and key terms of English grammar in a clear and systematic way encourages readers to evaluate critically the knowledge they already have, particularly in areas that are problematic for them as learners, and to build up and trust their own intuitions about the language uses a range of international authentic texts to illustrate concepts and theories, from sources such as newspapers, novels and academic texts discussing English grammar is accompanied by a companion website featuring audio files of authentic spoken English, and further activities. Written by an experienced teacher and researcher, this accessible textbook is an essential resource for all students of English language and linguistics.
A. Introduction 1. Approaches to Grammar 2. Nouns 3. Noun Phrases and Determiners 4. Adjectives, Adverbs and Prepositions 5. Verbs and their Forms 6. Auxiliaries and the Verb Phrase 7. Varying the Verb Phrase 8. Clauses and Clause Elements 9. Types of Sentence 10. Subordinate Clauses 11. Redesigning Sentences 12. Grammar in Speech and Writing B. Development 1. Word Classes 2. Pronouns 3. Articles 4. Types of Adverb 5. The Meanings of Tense and Aspect 6. Modal Auxiliaries 7. Multi-Word Verbs 8. Verb Patterns 9. Clause types 10. Relative clauses 11. Beyond and Beneath the Sentence 12. Reporting C. Exploration 1. Words with Multiple Word-Class Membership 2. Nouns Which Can Both Count and Noncount 3. Usage Problems with Determiners 4. The Comparison of Adjectives 5. Distinguishing -ing and -ed Forms 6. Transitive and Intransitive verbs 7. Ergativity 8. Analysing Clauses 9. Exploring Texts (1) 10. Exploring Texts (2) 11. Exploring Texts (3): Putting it all Together 12. Analysing Spoken texts D. Extention 1. What is Grammar? 2. Count and Mass Nouns 3. Determiners: A Class Apart 4. Prepositions and Space 5. Future Time - A Summary 6. Hedging and Boosting 7. Words and Phrases 8. Semantic Roles of the Subject 9. Speech Acts 10. Conditionals 11. Subject, Actor, Theme 12. Grammar in the Construction of Online Discussion Messages