This book explores the historical background and political and strategic developments in both Bangladesh and Burma. Bangladesh is a densely populated and poor nation in South Asia. Roughly 80 per cent of its population lives on less than $2 a day. Bangladesh suffers from high levels of corruption and at times faltering democratic systems that have been subject to pressure from the military. Transnational organised crime groups in Burma (Myanmar) operate a multi-billion dollar criminal industry that stretches across Southeast Asia. Trafficked drugs, humans, wildlife, gems, timber, and other contraband flow through Burma, supporting the illicit demands of the region and beyond. Transnational crime in Burma bears upon U.S. interests as it threatens regional security in Southeast Asia and bolsters a regime that fosters a culture of corruption and disrespect for the rule of law and human rights.