There is considerable interest in diversity within education as our communities become increasingly globalised and the evidence mounts that diversity is in fact the norm within most educational contexts. This book aims to highlight some of the issues surrounding diversity that are apparent in all educational settings regardless of the international location. It seeks to un-pack the range and breadth of diversity that educators are likely to face. In particular, the chapters in this book review research on the potential issues, challenges and possible learning opportunities that may arise for educators as a result of working with diverse learners in diverse educational contexts. As teachers become increasingly accountable for the quality of learning experiences they are under pressure to ensure that discrimination is not only recognised, but addressed in order that all participants experience quality learning environments. Thus each chapter considers a different aspect of diversity, raises issues of concern, at times challenges conventional wisdom and offers insights as to how educators may address these issues in their own context. Each chapter includes an implications section for educators as they seek to provide all learners with environments in which they can engage in quality learning experiences and have equal opportunities.